Periodontal Therapy Greenwood, IN

Periodontal Therapy An Overview

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that half of Americans 30 or older have periodontitis.

Many patients who visit our Greenwood family dentistry near Indianapolis fall within a spectrum of periodontal disease, ranging from an inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) to a chronic disease of the gums and bone (periodontitis). Gum disease can affect children and adult patients and is commonly caused by a lack of diligent oral hygiene. Brushing, flossing, and visiting our dentist in Greenwood biannually are essential for keeping your gums healthy.

Signs & Symptoms of Gum Disease

It is common to experience little or no symptoms or obvious signs of gum disease until it has progressed and spread. As gum disease progresses, the gums become inflamed and pull away from the teeth. Patients often experience bleeding gums, shifting of teeth, or even tooth loss. For this reason, regular visits to the dentist are best for preventing and managing gum disease.

Common signs of gum disease include:

  • Red, swollen or sore gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Mouth sores or pus between gums and teeth
  • Bad breath (halitosis)
  • Changes in the fit of dentures

Periodontitis, the more advanced form of gum disease, is a leading dental and systemic health concern. Treating gum disease in the earliest stage (gingivitis) is ideal for preventing secondary health concerns from developing.

Gum Disease May Increase Risk Of:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Heart Attacks
  • Stroke

Gum disease can progress quickly and spread to the bloodstream, affecting the health of your entire being. Patients with advanced gum disease are more prone to a wide range of health conditions.

The Stages of Gum Disease


This is the first stage of gum disease and the only one that you can reverse. It comes from poor oral hygiene, usually alongside a sugary diet. Bacteria and food particles build up along the gumline, causing irritation and inflammation to the soft tissue. This filmy layer is called plaque. The longer it’s left go, the more harm it can cause. It eventually evolves into tartar, which is even harder to remove.

Many adults suffer from gingivitis because they don’t know the warning signs. None of them are painful in earlier stages, making it harder to notice. The main thing to watch out for is bleeding gums. If you notice this happening regularly when you brush your teeth, call your dentist. Diligent oral healthcare and antibiotic mouthwashes can help reverse gingivitis.

Mild Periodontal Disease

At this stage, gum disease can no longer be reversed. The bacteria become more aggressive and start attacking bone structure. Pockets of bacteria and debris form between the gum tissue and bone. Scaling and root planing manage the condition at this stage. We clean out the gum pockets that have formed and smooth down the tooth roots so that the tissue can reattach to the bone.

Moderate Periodontal Disease

The bacteria continue to get more aggressive at this next stage. Instead of just attacking your bone, they attack your bloodstream as well. The infection and inflammation from gum disease can spread throughout the body, causing problems in other areas. Scaling and root planing are used to manage this stage as well.

Severe Periodontal Disease

The infection completely evolves into disease-causing bacteria in the final stage. Your gums ooze with pus, you have severely bad breath, and your teeth become loose. It hurts to bite into or chew any food. Only laser periodontal therapy and gum surgery can manage the condition at this point.

“My assistant today was very gentle. I appreciate the care I receive.” Bill P.
“Dr. Stevens and his staff are awesome! They make me feel so comfortable. The assistant, Suzanne, is my new best friend” Tamyra T.
“I can’t tell you enough how much I love my smile! I recently had a complete smile makeover by Dr. Stevens. My makeover involved a few implants,a couple of crowns, and 6 beautiful veneers. My smile looks so natural and…” Barbara J.
“Today was on of the best dental experiences I have ever had! I have an irrational fear of even walking in the door of dental offices but the entire staff makes me feel at ease. Dr. Stevens is so caring!” Tiffany W.
“Whitney, my hygienist, is great! She is personable and always makes me feel comfortable. She also does a fantastic job cleaning my teeth. Dr. Stevens is excellent as always! Thanks for making my dental experience a good one!” Theresa G.

Periodontal Therapy What to Expect

Periodontal disease is a serious oral health problem that can lead to tooth loss. It affects people of all ages but is most common in adults over age 35. Most cases can be prevented by practicing good dental hygiene, but with proper treatment, it is possible to manage the disease. Dr. Benjamin Stevens offers several treatment options for periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease treatment is a medical procedure done to prevent the patient from suffering from more severe infections. It is a process that is done to remove the infected tissues and gums in a patient’s mouth. In some more serious cases, there might be some teeth that need to be removed as well.

If you have early signs of periodontal disease, Dr. Stevens may recommend more frequent dental cleanings to restore your gums to optimal health or make personalized recommendations for oral hygiene products such as antibacterial rinse.

If more intensive treatment is needed, Dr. Stevens may recommend a form of periodontal therapy known as scaling and root planing. Scaling and root planing is deep teeth cleaning that reaches the deep pockets of the gums. During this procedure, the dentist will remove plaque and tartar from the deep pockets of the gum, allowing them to begin healing.

Patients who have advanced signs of gum disease that have begun to affect the stability and structure of the jaw bone may require more intense treatment or oral surgery. Dr. Stevens may refer you to a local periodontist for treatment.

Schedule A Dental Exam & Periodontal Disease Treatment

If you have sore gums or bleeding gums, schedule an appointment for a periodontal screening and consultation. We offer treatment for gum disease near Indianapolis, IN, and Greenwood, Indiana. We gladly welcome new patients.

Periodontal Theraphy FAQs

What causes gum disease?
Plaque is constantly forming in the mouth. If it is not removed daily by brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar. Bacteria thrive in this environment and over time, it can develop into gingivitis, an early stage of gum disease. Gingivitis can progress into an infection, destroy gum tissue and eventually degrade bone to the point that teeth can become loose or missing.
What can be done to prevent gum disease?
The best way to fight gum disease is prevention. Dr. Stevens encourages patients to brush twice a day and floss at least once a day. Regular visits to our Greenwood dentist office will also help reduce your risk of developing gum disease. Another important step to preventing gum disease is having a healthy diet. This means limiting sodas, sweets, and snacks between meals. Drinking water will also help reduce bacteria in the mouth.
Does insurance cover periodontal therapy treatment?
Yes. Most dental insurance providers will cover part, or all, of the cost of periodontal treatments. This includes treatment for gingivitis, periodontitis, and bleeding gums. Be sure to contact your insurance provider for details. You can also give us a call for more information regarding insurance coverage
Is periodontal therapy painful?
No. Periodontal treatments are not painful. Treatment for gingivitis is like getting a deep gum massage that will leave your gums free of harmful bacteria. There is some gum sensitivity after the treatment process. Relieve it with common pain medication like Tylenol, or Ibuprofen.